How To Protect Yourself
Guidance for Infection Prevention and Control for COVID 19 in Homes and Residential Communities
This interim guidance is to help household members plan for community transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Kenya. The Government of Kenya encourages household members to prepare for the possibility of a COVID-19 outbreak in their community. COVID-19 is caused by a new virus. We want to help everyone prepare to respond to this public health threat.
This guidance provides for information on what should be done:
Before a Covid-19 Outbreak occurs: PLAN
During a COVID-19 Outbreak: ACT
After a COVID-19 Outbreak: FOLLOW UP
To download this PDF click on the button below.
Everyday Preventive Measures To Protect Yourself From SARS-COV-2
How to protect yourself daily against COVID 19
3D Medical Animation Video Explaining What Is Coronavirus, How It Attacks Your Body, And How To Protect Yourself.
How To Protect Yourself
This short video explains how to protect yourself against COVID 19
Safe Use of Alcohol-Based Sanitizers
o protect yourself and others against COVID-19, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash your hands with soap and water. If you use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, make sure you use and store it carefully.
- Keep alcohol-based hand sanitizers out of children’s reach. Teach them how to apply the sanitizer and monitor its use.
- Apply a coin-sized amount on your hands. There is no need to use a large amount of the product.
- Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose immediately after using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, as it can cause irritation.
- Hand sanitizers recommended to protect against COVID-19 are alcohol-based and therefore can be flammable. Do not use before handling fire or cooking.
- Under no circumstance, drink or let children swallow an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It can be poisonous.
- Remember that washing your hands with soap and water is also effective against COVID-19.
Leave Some Space To Stay Safe
1 meter distance is good; 2 meter is great
Test for social distancing pp.: Coronaviruses are relatively large viruses with a size of over 100 nanometers. As a result, they are to heavy to be airborne and cannot be carried by a persons breath. Instead they are carried by respiratory droplets that escape a person when they are coughing or sneezing. They can also result from touching a contaminated surface and then touching ones eyes, mouth or nose. Therefore, it is advisable to:
- Refrain from shaking hands
- Keep a distance of 2 meters (approx 6 ft) from other people
- Wear a mask in places where it is impossible to maintain distance (see our section on masks)
Everyone must wear a mask
How to safely wear a mask
- Wash your hands with soap and running water or use a hand sanitizer
Select appropriate type and size
Tie the upper strap first followed by the lower strap
Inspect for nonconformities
Place over nose, mouth and chin
Fit flexible nose piece over nose bridge
Secure mask with ties or elastic as shown on the picture
Adjust to fit snugly
Wash your hands with soap and running water or use a hand sanitizer
5 Best Ways to Increase Immunity
Try to get enough Vitamin D
Vitamin D won’t help one in getting the protection from virus exposure but it helps in the reduction of illness and increases the recovery. And since getting vitamin D is very easy just one needs to sit in the clear sunlight for around half an hour.
Getting good and enough sleep
Sleeping for 7-9 hours a day will help the body in the critical recovery of various functions of the body including the immune system.
Now you can’t go to the gym due to pandemic but sure you can exercise at your house like doing some skipping rope, push ups, stretching, etc. Workouts help in the reduction of inflammation and support infection-fighting cells.
Perform some meditation and yoga to lower the stress because the more a person takes stress the body releases the stress hormones which stop the immune system.
Eat a balanced diet
A healthful diet with all the needed nutrients helps the immune system. One should include these foods in their diet to increase the immunity – Ginger, Citrus Fruits, Turmeric, Garlic, Tulsi Leaves, zinc supplements.
Frequently Asked Questions
SARS-Coronavirus-2 is a new strand of the coronavirus family. This family of virus is responsible for SARS and MERS. This new mutated virus has originated from Wuhan, Hubei Province in China.
Official and scientists around the globe are working hard to identify its source of origination. As mentioned above it belongs to a family of Coronaviruses that are known to cause illness like SARS and MERS is known to come from civet cats and camels respectively.
This virus probably originally emerged from an animal source but now seems to be spreading from person-to-person. It’s important to note that person-to-person spread can happen on a continuum. Some viruses are highly contagious (like measles), while other viruses are less so. At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people. Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses.
No. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing illness in people and others that circulate among animals, including camels, cats and bats. The recently emerged SARS-Coronavirus-2 is not the same as the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) or the coronavirus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). However, genetic analyses suggest this virus emerged from a virus related to SARS. There are ongoing investigations to learn more. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated as it becomes available.
The people who meet the following list of criteria are at risk:
- People who live in COVID-19 affected areas or have recently travelled to those areas
- Those who had contact with the other infected cases of COVID-19
- People having respiratory disease, diabetes, pre-existing kidney failure, suppressed immune systems, cardiovascular diseases are more vulnerable to this virus.
- People older than 60 years of age.
These below symptoms can occur for the one having COVID-19 virus:
- Shortness of Breath
- Cough/Sore Throat
To prevent yourself from infection, one should not exposed to the virus. But the following everyday actions can help to prevent the spread of virus:
- For at least 20 seconds one should wash hands often with water and soap, if soap and water is not available an alcohol based sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol can be used.
- Maintain a distance of at least 2m from the other people
- If hands are unwashed avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Avoid contact with the sick people
- Use tissue while coughing or sneezing, and throw that tissue after that.
- Clean and disinfect the object that you touch frequently.
- If you are sick it is good to stay at home.
If you had a close contact with a person who is confirmed or suspected for the COVID-19 then you should start to have a check on your health from the day of contact and continue for at least 14 days. You should also keep an eye on these symptoms:
- If you have fever take your temperature twice a day
- Shortness of Breath
- Sore Throat/Headache/Runny Nose
You should consult a doctor as soon as possible. And it’s very probable that your doctor may arrange a test to check for infection. The test may take a few days for results.
If the tests results are positive then the health officials will admit you immediately in the hospital and start your treatment but if this does not happen then immediately inform the Health care officers and inform them that you are a confirmed case of COVID-19. And until you are admitted to the hospital you should put on a mask provided to you because it will help in restriction of spread of virus.
To know the current situation in India, please see here.
The health experts and doctors of WHO has declared the Wuhan Coronavirus Outbreak a PHEIC(Public-Health Emergency of International Concern).
The investigation for the source and spread of SARS-Coronavirus-2 is still undergoing so it is very difficult to tell the reasons behind it. But the poor survivability of coronaviruses(because SARS-Coronavirus-2 is genetically similar to virus that causes SARS) will make them low risky in case of the products shipped from China over a period of days or weeks under different temperatures.
No, it is not safe to travel to those areas these days, there is a high risk of getting the infection. Even if you have to travel to that area ensure to take the precautions.
If you had recently traveled to affected areas in India and feeling any of the symptoms like fever/cough/breathing difficulty/ then you should immediately contact with the medical officers of your area and tell them about these symptoms.
If you are sick, avoid contact with pets or animals. Even though there are no reports of any animal infected with COVID-19, other types of coronavirus can affect the animals. Even if you want to take care of a sick animal, wear a mask and gloves.
Since this disease is caused by a new virus, so the new vaccine could take time in development. It could take a few weeks or months or even year.
As of today, there is no specific treatment for infection caused by COVID-19. But some of the symptoms can be treated on the patient’s health condition. Good Medical care is very supportive in the treatment of the symptoms of COVID-19.
People infected with SARS-Coronavirus-2 or those who had contact with COVID-19 should wear a surgical face mask to reduce the spread of virus. The health care workers caring for patients affected with COVID-19 should use P2 Masks, but these masks should be tested and worn properly.